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Everything you should know about Endocrinology.

The word endocrinology  is from the Greek work Endon, meaning "within" and Krino, meaning "to separate" and is a branch of medicine that deals with the endocrine system's glands, the action of their hormones (a chemical substance, formed in endocrine glands, that controls and regulates function  of specific receptive organs or tissues when transported to them by body fluids) and the metabolic consequences.

The endocrine system's glands and organs secret hormones that regulates a number of vital functions of our body. Although every organ system in the body secretes or responds to hormones , endocrinology focuses primarily on the endocrine glands whose primary function is hormone secretion. These includes hypothalamus, pineal, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, testes and  ovaries.

Hormones have many different functions and modes of action and often affect different parts of the body in different ways.  There are up to 40 different hormones circulating in your blood at any time. Once release into the bloodstream, a hormone circulates in the body until it reaches its specific target to perform its function.  There target can be either other endocrine glands or other organs and tissues in the body.

While all the glands normally coordinates with each other in order to regulate various metabolic process, hormonal function is a balancing act, where too much or too little can have an impact in the release of hormones forcing you body to create mechanisms to respond to this changes.

When it appears to be a problem of this kind, your primary care doctor refers you to an endocrinologist, who is an expert in treating conditions that can involve several systems within the body.

Endocrinologists  perform diagnostic tests to evaluate the nature of the disorder.

Dr. Lysette Iglesias M.D.

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